18 September, 2003
Science Profile - Cosmic Rays
One of the longest running experiments at McMurdo has been the cosmic ray detector. Built by the Navy back in the early 60's this building is known affectionately as Cos-Ray. It has all the nostalgia of the early days, inside you can still find a ticker tape machine, an apple computer, pet rocks, chia pets and beads. The entry way has a TravelLodge sign posted by the door. The walls are painted by the experimenters of the past with what would appear to archeologists as hieroglyphics, but are really high energy physics parcticle diagrams.
Cosmic Rays are parcticles from space, spit out by explosions on the surface of stars or elsewhere, they hurl toward earth and strike the upper atmosphere. This causes a large chain of reactions. And the majority will occur at either the South or North Pole because the Earth's magnetic field will cause them to spiral down into the pole region. Most notable is the emission of what are called Muons. Pronounce that like a cat saying MU then ON. Everything in physics with an ON at the end is a parcticle, and there are many types. Muons are actually going through you right now. Some of the parcticles can be detected by great tubes of liquid boron tri fluoride. There are many containers of these in the lab. One day crews were blasting the hills near here to clear a road and a rock came flying into the lab, it went straight through one of the detectors! The rock was behaving just like a cosmic ray and the computer registered one count. Cosmic Rays are important to us because they are thought to influence our weather. Also, they are like visitors from outer space, and it would be nice to understand exactly how they are produced.
Today the weather was mild, overcast. I walked about and worked in the lab. Tomorrow we have a launch again. The field is ready in case a plane needs to land, but it appears now that this will not happen here.
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