11 January, 2001
I have made a trip of over 10,000 miles to collect soil. My father was willing to let me collect as much soil as I wanted out of his back yard. In fact he suggested I could move a pile of soil from one area of the backyard to another. It just wasn't the same.
The soils that Dr. Virginia and Dr. Wall are investigating are some of the oldest and driest soils on the planet. The only place you can find this type of soil is in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica. Once the soils are collected from the dry valleys and brought to the lab, they are placed in the refrigerator. Keeping the soils cool helps to simulate the field conditions. There are two main categories that the lab experiments fall into. The first is nematode extraction and the second is soil chemistry.
Nematodes (microscopic worms) represent the highest invertebrate in the dry valley soil food web. There are four endemic species found in the dry valleys, although Plectus frigophilus has only been found in a few soils. The three species that are the most common: Scottnema lindsayae, a microbial feeder (bacteria and yeast), Plectus antarcticus, an omnivore-predator, and Eudorylaimus antarcticus. For nematode extraction, the worms are extracted by mixing adding a sugar solution to the sample. Due to a density difference the worms float to the surface, then the solution is filtered through a fine screen and the nematodes are collected. The final step is to use a microscope and count the sample.
The soil chemistry involves collecting information about soil pH, conductivity, extraction of salts, moisture content, total nitrogen and total carbon.
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